⨍(⨯) FUNCTIONS

Loadmill has builtin functions available to use while creating a test. These functions will be evaluated in run time as part of the test.

Numeric Functions

__abs(p1)

Returns the absolute value of p1.

  • ${__abs('-42')} // returns 42

  • ${__abs(p1)} // returns 42, assuming parameter p1 equals 42

__add(p1,[p2,[...]])

Same as the + operator, applied to any number of arguments.

  • ${__add('42','3')} // returns 45

  • ${__add(p1,p2)} // returns 10, assuming p1 is 7 and p2 is 3

  • ${__add(p1,p2,p3)} // returns 15, assuming p1 is 7, p2 is 3 and p3 is 5

__sub(p1,p2)

Same as the - operator.

  • ${__sub('42','3')} // returns 39

  • ${__sub(p1,p2)} // returns 4, assuming p1 is 7 and p2 is 3

  • ${__sub(p1,p2,p3)} // returns 3, assuming p1 is 7, p2 is 3 and p3 is 1

__neg(p1)

Unary minus, equivalent to __sub('0',p1).

  • ${__neg('4')} // returns -4

  • ${__neg('-4')} // returns 4

  • ${__neg(p1)} // returns -4, assuming p1 is 4

__mult(p1,[p2,[...]])

Same as the * operator, applied to any number of arguments.

  • ${__mult('2','3')} // returns 6

  • ${__mult(p1,p2,p3)} // returns 24 assuming p1 is 2, p2 is 3 and p3 is 4

__div(p1,p2)

Same as the / operator.

  • ${__div('6','3')} // returns 2

  • ${__div(p1,p2} // returns 4 assuming p1 is 24 and p2 is 6

Conditional Functions

__true()

Always returns true.

__false()

Always returns false.

__and(p1,[p2,[...]])

  • ${__and('true','true')} // returns true

  • ${__and('true','false')} // returns false

  • ${__and('true','')} // returns false

  • ${__and(p1,p2)} // returns true, assuming p1 and p2 aren't false nor ''

  • ${__and()} // returns true

  • ${__and('-42')} // returns true

Logical AND (same as the & operator), applied to any number of arguments.

__or(p1,[p2,[...]])

Logical OR (same as the | operator), applied to any number of arguments.

  • ${__or('true','true')} // returns true

  • ${__or('true','false')} // returns true

  • ${__or('false','false')} // returns false

  • ${__or('','false')} // returns false

  • ${__or(p1,p2)} // returns true, assuming p1 or p2 aren't false nor ''

  • ${__or()} // returns true

  • ${__or('-42')} // returns true

__not(p1)

Logical NOT. See also True Semantics.

  • ${__not('false')} // returns true

  • ${__not('true')} // returns false

  • ${__not('')} // returns true

  • ${__not(p1)} // returns true, assuming p1 is't false nor ''

  • ${__not('-42')} // returns false

__eq(p1,p2)

Same as the == operator.

  • ${__eq('42','3')} //returns false

  • ${__eq('false','false')} //returns true

  • ${__eq('FaLsE','false')} //returns false

  • ${__eq('','')} //returns true

  • ${__eq(p1,p2)} //returns true if both p1 and p2 have the same value

__neq(p1,p2)

Same as the != operator.

  • ${__neq('42','3')} //returns true

  • ${__neq('false','false')} //returns false

  • ${__neq('FaLsE','false')} //returns true

  • ${__neq('','')} //returns false

  • ${__neq(p1,p2)} //returns true if both p1 and p2 have a different value

__eqi(p1,p2)

Same as __eq but case-insensitive.

  • ${__eqi('42','3')} //returns false

  • ${__eqi('false','false')} //returns true

  • ${__eqi('FaLsE','false')} //returns true

  • ${__eqi('','')} //returns true

  • ${__eqi(p1,p2)} //returns true if both p1 and p2 have the same value

__neqi(p1,p2)

Same as __neq but case-insensitive.

  • ${__neq('42','3')} //returns true

  • ${__neq('false','false')} //returns false

  • ${__neq('FaLsE','false')} //returns false

  • ${__neq('','')} //returns false

  • ${__neq(p1,p2)} //returns true if both p1 and p2 have a different value

__lt(p1,p2)

Same as the < operator.

  • ${__lt('42','3')} //returns false

  • ${__lt('3','42')} //returns true

  • ${__lt('42','42')} //returns false

  • ${__lt(p1,p2)} //returns true, assuming p1 is 3 and p2 is 42

__lte(p1,p2)

Same as the <= operator.

  • ${__lte('42','3')} //returns false

  • ${__lte('3','42')} //returns true

  • ${__lte('42','42')} //returns true

  • ${__lte(p1,p2)} //returns true, assuming p1 is 3 and p2 is 42

__gt(p1,p2)

Same as the > operator.

  • ${__gt('42','3')} //returns true

  • ${__gt('3','42')} //returns false

  • ${__gt('42','42')} //returns false

  • ${__gt(p1,p2)} //returns true, assuming p1 is 42 and p2 is 3

__gte(p1,p2)

Same as the >= operator.

  • ${__gte('42','3')} //returns true

  • ${__gte('3','42')} //returns false

  • ${__gte('42','42')} //returns true

  • ${__gte(p1,p2)} //returns true, assuming p1 is 42 and p2 is 3

__matches(target,regex)

Returns true if and only if the target matches the regex.

  • ${__matches(target,'.*search.*')} // returns true, assuming target is 'A text to search in'

Returns true if and only if the target contains the string search.

  • ${__contains(target,'search')} // returns true, assuming target is 'A text to search in'

  • ${__contains(target,'SEARCH')} // returns false, assuming target is 'A text to search in'

  • ${__contains(target,'.*search.*')} // returns false, assuming target is 'A text to search in'

Same as __contains but case-insensitive.

  • ${__containsi(target,'search')} // returns true, assuming target is 'A text to search in'

  • ${__containsi(target,'SEARCH')} // returns true, assuming target is 'A text to search in'

  • ${__containsi(target,'.*search.*')} // returns false, assuming target is 'A text to search in'

__if_then_else(condition,then,else)

Returns then if condition is semantically true, otherwise returns else.

  • ${__if_then_else(p1,'good','bad')} // returns 'good', assuming p1 is true or has a value

  • ${__if_then_else(p1,'good','bad')} // returns 'bad', assuming p1 is false or ''

__is_number(target)

Returns true if target is not empty and not a NAN.

  • ${__is_number('42')} // returns true

  • ${__is_number('')} // returns false

  • ${__is_number('Hi')} // returns false

  • ${__is_number(p1)} // returns true assuming p1 is a number i.e. 42

__is_uuid(target)

Returns true if target is in the format of UUID.

  • ${__is_uuid('123e4567-e89b-12d3-a456-426614174000')} // returns true

  • ${__is_uuid('42')} // returns false

__switch(target,case1,value1,[case2,value2,[...],[default]])

Returns value1 if target equals case1, otherwise returns value2 if target equals case2 and so on.

If no match is made, the returned value will be an empty string - a default value may be given as the last argument.

  • ${__switch(p1,'3','Hi','42','towel','none')} // returns 'Hi' if p1 is 3, 'towel' if p1 is 42 and 'none' if p1 is neither 3 nor 42

__switchi(target,case1,value1,[case2,value2,[...],[default]])

Same as __switch but case-insensitive.

  • ${__switchi(p1,'this','Hi','that','towel','none')} // returns 'Hi' if p1 is 'this' or 'THIS', 'towel' if p1 is 'that' or 'THAT' and 'none' if p1 is neither of those

__pick(selection,p1,[p2,[...]])

Returns one of p1 or p2 or p3, etc. according to the selection - either a zero-based index (e.g. 2 picks p3) or the word random in order to pick a random value.

  • ${__pick('0','A','B','C')} // returns 'A'

  • ${__pick('1','A','B','C')} // returns 'B'

  • ${__pick(p1,'A','B','C')} // returns 'C', assuming p1 is 2

  • ${__pick('random','A','B','C')} // returns one of 'A', 'B' and 'C'

__pick_random(p1,[p2,[...]])

Same as __pick('random',p1,[p2,[...]]).

__split_pick(target,delim,[selection=0])

Splits the value of target into multiple strings separated by delim and returns one of them according to the selection as defined by the __pick function. If a selection argument is not provided, the first value will be returned.

  • ${__split_pick(p1,'API')} // returns 'loadmill' , assuming p1 value is 'loadmill API testing'

  • ${__split_pick(p1,'API','0')} // returns 'loadmill' , assuming p1 value is 'loadmill API testing'

  • ${__split_pick(p1,'API','1')} // returns 'testing' , assuming p1 value is 'loadmill API testing'

Textual Functions

__usd()

Returns the $ character.

__length(target)

Counts the number of characters in target.

  • ${__length('loadmill')} // returns 8

  • ${__length('')} // returns 0

__escape_regexp(target)

Returns the value of target after escaping special RegExp characters.

  • ${__escape_regexp('.*search.*')} // returns \.\*search\.\*

__encode_url(target)

Returns the value of target after URL encoding special characters.

  • ${__encode_url(p1)} // returns 'this%20is%20url' assuming p1 is 'this is url'

__decode_url(target)

Returns the value of target after URL decoding.

  • ${__decode_url(p1)} // returns 'this is url' assuming p1 is 'this%20is%20url'

__decode_base64(target)

Returns the value of target after Base64 decoding.

  • ${__decode_base64(p1)} // returns 'example' assuming p1 is 'ZXhhbXBsZQ=='

__escape_quotes(target)

Returns the value of target after escaping special characters. This function is like escape quotes in JavaScript and will escape characters like \n \r \t and \".

  • ${__escape_quotes('"escapeMe"')} // returns \"escapeMe\"

  • ${__escape_quotes(P1)} // returns \"escapeMe\", assuming p is "escapeMe"

__lower(target)

Returns the value of target after converting all characters to lower case.

  • ${__lower('LoadMill')} // returns loadmill

__upper(target)

Returns the value of target after converting all characters to upper case.

  • ${__upper('LoadMill')} // returns LOADMILL

__slice(target,[begin=0,[end]])

Returns a sub-string of target which starts at begin index (inclusive) and ends at end index (exclusive). Both indexes are zero-based.

  • ${__slice('Loadmill')} // returns 'Loadmill'

  • ${__slice('Loadmill','0')} // returns 'Loadmill'

  • ${__slice('Loadmill','2')} // returns 'admill'

  • ${__slice('Loadmill','2','4')} // returns 'ad'

  • ${__slice('Loadmill',p1,p2)} // returns 'mill', assuming p1 is 4 and p2 is 8

  • ${__slice(p1,'0','2')} // returns 'Lo', assuming p1 is Loadmill

Array functions

__array_length(target)

Counts the number of elements in target array.

  • ${__array_length('[]')} // returns 0

  • ${__array_length(p1)} // returns 4, assuming p1 is [1,"str",true,null]

__array_matches(target,regex)

Returns a boolean string of whether all the elements in the target array match the given regex.

  • ${__array_matches(array,'.*a.*')} // returns true, assuming array is ["apple","banana","orange"]

  • ${__array_matches(array,'.*Z.*')} // returns false, assuming array is ["apple","banana","orange"]

__array_in_range(target,[min=0,max=2^32])

Returns a boolean string of whether all the elements in the target array match the given range.

  • ${__array_in_range(array,'0','100')} // returns true, assuming array is ["100","99","1"]

  • ${__array_in_range(array,'0','100')} // returns true, assuming array is [100,99,1]

__array_includes(src,target)

Returns a boolean string of whether each element in the target array is also in the src array.

  • ${__array_includes(srcArray,targetArray)} // returns true, assuming srcArray is ["apple","banana","orange"] and targetArray is ["apple","banana"]

  • ${__array_includes(srcArray,targetArray)} // returns false, assuming srcArray is ["apple","banana","orange"] and targetArray is ["apple","banana","lemon"]

__array_sum(target)

Returns the sum of all the elements in the target array.

  • ${__array_sum(targetArray)} // returns 401, assuming targetArray is ["400","0","1"]

  • ${__array_sum(targetArray)} // returns 188, assuming targetArray is [100,80,8]

  • ${__array_sum(targetArray)} // returns NaN, assuming targetArray is [100,"some-word",8]

__array_sort(target)

Returns the sorted array in the ascending order.

  • ${__array_sort(targetArray) // returns ["apple","banana","orange"], assuming targetArray is ["banana","apple","orange"]

__array_sort_numbers(target)

Returns the sorted array of numbers in the ascending order.

  • ${__array_sort_numbers(targetArray) // returns [2,19,34,55,90,109,136,156,188,190], assuming targetArray is [109, 136, 156, 188, 19, 190, 2, 34, 55, 90]

__array_is_unique(target)

Returns a boolean string of whether all elements in the array are unique.

  • ${__array_is_unique(targetArray) // returns true, assuming targetArray is ["cat","dog","bird"]

  • ${__array_is_unique(targetArray) // returns false, assuming targetArray is ["cat","cat","dog"]

__array_pluck(target,'key1','key2','key3:newKeyName',['key4',[...]])

Returns an array of objects with specified JSON keys with an option to rename JSON keys. Returns an empty array in case the target array is undefined.

  • ${__array_pluck(array,'author','book')} // returns [{"author":"Bulgakov","book":"The Master and Margarita"},{"author":"Bulgakov","book":"The Fatal Eggs"}], assuming array is [{"author":"Bulgakov","book":"The Master and Margarita","year":"1967"},{"author":"Bulgakov","book":"The Fatal Eggs","year":"1925"}]

  • ${__array_pluck(array,'author','book','year:publishment_year')} // returns [{"author":"Bulgakov","book":"The Master and Margarita","publishment_year":"1967"},{"author":"Bulgakov","book":"The Fatal Eggs","publishment_year":"1925"}], assuming array is [{"author":"Bulgakov","book":"The Master and Margarita","year":"1967"},{"author":"Bulgakov","book":"The Fatal Eggs","year":"1925"}]

Extraction Functions

See also Parameter Extractions.

__regexp(target,regexp,[default])

Extracts a value from target using regexp as a JS RegExp. If there is no match, an empty string will be returned or, if present, the given default value.

  • ${__regexp(p1,'.*(search).*')} // returns 'search' assuming p1 is 'A text to search in'

  • ${__regexp(p1,'(.*search.*)')} // returns 'A text to search in' assuming p1 is 'A text to search in'

  • ${__regexp(p1,'.*(bad).*','none')} // returns 'none' assuming p1 is 'A text to search in'

__json_keys(target,[default])

Returns the keys of target object in an array. Works similar to Object.keys. If target is empty, an empty array will be returned or, if present, the given default value.

  • ${__json_keys('{"key1":"val1"}')}// returns ["key1"]

  • ${__json_keys(target)} // returns ["key1","key2"] assuming target is {"key1":"val1","key2":"val2"}

__jsonpath(target,jsonpath,[default])

Extracts a value from target using jsonpath as a JSONPath query. If there is no match, an empty string will be returned or, if present, the given default value.

  • ${__jsonpath('{"key":"val"}','$.key')} // returns 'val'

  • ${__jsonpath(target,jsonpath)} // returns 'val' assuming target is '{"key":"val"}' and jsonpath is '$.key'

  • ${__jsonpath('{"key":"val"}','$.notHere','none')} // returns 'none'

__jsonpath_all(target,jsonpath,[default])

The same as __jsonpath only that when using filtering (i.e. @) in the JSONPath all of the results will returned and not just the first one (as in __jsonpath)

__jsonpath_keys(target,jsonpath,[default])

Returns the keys of the extracted value from target queried by jsonpath in an array. Works similar to Object.keys. If target is empty, an empty array will be returned or, if present, the given default value.

  • ${__jsonpath_keys('{"key1":"val1"}','$')}// returns ["key1"]

  • ${__jsonpath_keys(target,jsonpath)} // returns ["key1","key2"] assuming target is {"data": {"key1":"val1","key2":"val2"}} and jsonpath is '$.data'

__jsonpath_apply(target,jsonpath,new_value)

Returns an object or an array of objects with the updated key value as set in new_value on specific key as set in jsonpath.

  • ${__jsonpath_apply(target,jsonpath,'USD')} // returns '[{"country":"Japan","currency":"USD"},{"country":"China","currency":"Yuan"}]' assuming target is '[{"country":"Japan","currency":"Yen"},{"country":"China","currency":"Yuan"}]', jsonpath is '$[0].currency'

__jquery(target,jquery,[selection=0,[attribute,[default]]])

Extracts a value from target using jquery as a jQuery selector.

If multiple elements are matched, selection is applied as in __pick with the first element being selected by default.

If a non-empty attribute is given, the returned value will be the attribute value of the selected element, otherwise, the inner content of the element will be returned.

If there is no match, an empty string will be returned or, if present, the given default value.

  • ${__jquery('<h2 class="title">Hello world</h2>','h2.title')} //returns Hello world

  • ${__jquery(p1,jquery)} //returns Hello world, assuming p1 is '<h2 class="title">Hello world</h2>' and jquery is h2.title

Randomization Functions

__random_uuid()

Returns a random v4 UUID string.

__random_boolean([probability=50])

Returns a random boolean value. You may pass an integer between 0 and 100 as the probability to get true - defaults to 50%.

  • ${__random_boolean()} // 50% true / false

  • ${__random_boolean('70')} // returns true 70% of the times

  • ${__random_boolean(p1)} // returns true 20% of the times, assuming p1 is 20

__random_number([max],[min=0,max=2^32])

Returns a random integer between 0 and 2^32. By passing a positive integer you can set a lower maximum, e.g. __random_number('30') will resolve to a number between 0 and 30, inclusive. You can also set the minimum, e.g. __random_number('10','30') will be between 10 and 30, inclusive.

  • ${__random_number('30')} // returns a number between 0 and 30

  • ${__random_number('10','30')} // returns a number between 10 and 30

  • ${__random_number(p1)} // returns a number between 0 and the value of p1

__random_chars([length=10])

Returns a random string of length alpha-numeric characters.

  • ${__random_chars('5')} // returns g2Niu

  • ${__random_chars()} // returns YIeT6JXgbJ

  • ${__random_chars(p1)} // returns YXgbT, assuming p1 is 5

__random_digits([length=10])

Returns a random string of length decimal digits.

  • ${__random_digits('5')} // returns 83547

  • ${__random_digits()} // returns 8354718624

  • ${__random_digits(p1)} // returns 83524, assuming p1 is 5

__random_letters([length=10])

Returns a random string of length english letters.

  • ${__random_letters()} // returns YMfvLoYhjh

  • ${__random_letters('5')} // returns diMdf

  • ${__random_letters(p1)} // returns diMdf, assuming p1 is 5

__random_uppers([length=10])

Returns a random string of length upper-case english letters.

  • ${__random_uppers()} // returns STNOMFSLZC

  • ${__random_uppers('5')} // returns WPVRA

  • ${__random_uppers(p1)} // returns WPVRA, assuming p1 is 5

__random_lowers([length=10])

Returns a random string of length lower-case english letters.

  • ${__random_lowers()} // returns osmcjtudhe

  • ${__random_lowers('5')} // returns alrmv

  • ${__random_lowers(p1)} // returns alrmv, assuming p1 is5

__random_hex([length=10])

Returns a random string of length hexadecimal digits.

  • ${__random_hex()} // returns d8c3f7ce22

  • ${__random_hex('5')} // returns e5a4b

  • ${__random_hex(p1)} // returns e5a4b, assuming p1 is 5

__random_from(chars,[length=10])

Returns a random string of length characters present in chars. For example, you may generate a random uppercase hexadecimal string using __random_from('0123456789ABCDEF').

  • __random_from('0123456789ABCDEF') // returns 313249C4FA

  • __random_from('Loadmill') // returns lilodaaLod

  • __random_from(p1) // returns lilodaaLod, assuming p1 is 'Loadmill'

  • __random_from('Loadmill','3') // returns ido

__random_seeded_number([seed='',length=10])

Returns a random string of up to length (but no more than 10) decimal digits based on a given seed. Same seed will return the same number.

  • __random_seeded_number() // returns 994027583

  • __random_seeded_number('0123456789ABCDEF') // returns 2082602645

  • __random_seeded_number('0123456789ABCDEF','5') // returns 20826

Time Functions

__now([length=13])

Returns the current time (of evaluation) given as UTC milliseconds of length digits. Alias: _now_ms.

  • ${__now()} // returns 1604422320167

  • ${__now('5')} // returns 16044

  • ${'Yo'} ${__now()} // returns 'Yo 1604422320167'

__now_iso([addedMinutes=0])

The same as __now but given in ISO-8601 format while adding addedMinutes . For example, you may generate the current time + 15 minutes using __now_iso('15').

  • ${__now_iso()} // returns 2020-11-03T16:54:24.526Z

  • ${__now_iso('15')} // returns 2020-11-03T17:09:24.526Z

  • ${__now_iso('-15')} // returns 2020-11-03T16:39:24.526Z

__date_iso()

The same as __now_iso but given in a "date only" format - i.e. 2020-03-03

  • ${__date_iso()} // returns 2020-11-03

  • ${__date_iso('15')} // returns 2020-11-18

  • ${__date_iso('-15')} // returns 2020-10-19

Contents
Numeric Functions
__abs(p1)
__add(p1,[p2,[...]])
__sub(p1,p2)
__neg(p1)
__mult(p1,[p2,[...]])
__div(p1,p2)
Conditional Functions
__true()
__false()
__and(p1,[p2,[...]])
__or(p1,[p2,[...]])
__not(p1)
__eq(p1,p2)
__neq(p1,p2)
__eqi(p1,p2)
__neqi(p1,p2)
__lt(p1,p2)
__lte(p1,p2)
__gt(p1,p2)
__gte(p1,p2)
__matches(target,regex)
__contains(target,search)
__containsi(target,search)
__if_then_else(condition,then,else)
__is_number(target)
__is_uuid(target)
__switch(target,case1,value1,[case2,value2,[...],[default]])
__switchi(target,case1,value1,[case2,value2,[...],[default]])
__pick(selection,p1,[p2,[...]])
__pick_random(p1,[p2,[...]])
__split_pick(target,delim,[selection=0])
Textual Functions
__usd()
__length(target)
__escape_regexp(target)
__encode_url(target)
__decode_url(target)
__decode_base64(target)
__escape_quotes(target)
__lower(target)
__upper(target)
__slice(target,[begin=0,[end]])
Array functions
__array_length(target)
__array_matches(target,regex)
__array_in_range(target,[min=0,max=2^32])
__array_includes(src,target)
__array_sum(target)
__array_sort(target)
__array_sort_numbers(target)
__array_is_unique(target)
__array_pluck(target,'key1','key2','key3:newKeyName',['key4',[...]])
Extraction Functions
__regexp(target,regexp,[default])
__json_keys(target,[default])
__jsonpath(target,jsonpath,[default])
__jsonpath_all(target,jsonpath,[default])
__jsonpath_keys(target,jsonpath,[default])
__jsonpath_apply(target,jsonpath,new_value)
__jquery(target,jquery,[selection=0,[attribute,[default]]])
Randomization Functions
__random_uuid()
__random_boolean([probability=50])
__random_number([max],[min=0,max=2^32])
__random_chars([length=10])
__random_digits([length=10])
__random_letters([length=10])
__random_uppers([length=10])
__random_lowers([length=10])
__random_hex([length=10])
__random_from(chars,[length=10])
__random_seeded_number([seed='',length=10])
Time Functions
__now([length=13])
__now_iso([addedMinutes=0])
__date_iso()